How To

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How to make herbal soap

entrepreneur.com.ph

Workbook

Aug 24, 2009

Learn how to make herbal soap

Supply soaps not just to friends and family, but also to spas, bed and bath retailers, and gift shops.

Materials needed:

  • Lye solution, P40/liter
  • Coconut oil, P62/liter
  • Sodium silicate, P175/liter
  • CDEA, P120/liter
  • Castor oil, P185/liter
  • Anti-bacterial agent, P175/liter
  • Preservatives, P175/liter
  • Colorants (orange costs P105 per hundred grams and may be mixed with a liter of any oil)
  • Fragrance, P250/120 ml
  • Around P200 for the unripe fruits that you’d like to juice. For this project we’ll use papaya, tomato, and carrots.
  • Measuring cup
  • Beaker
  • Juicer
  • Mixer
  • You’ll also need gloves and goggles, mold, and a ladle for stirring the mixture.

You may buy your raw materials from Spices and Food Mix House on E. Rodriguez Sr. Boulevard in Quezon City and your utensils from Divisoria or your local market.

Procedure:

Step 1. Slice the fruits into small bits (no need to peel the skin, but remove any seeds) before placing them in an electric juicer for extraction that will take less than five minutes. Separate the pulp from the extract by using a strainer, and then set the juice aside.

Step 2. Prepare the coconut oil (250 ml), lye solution (100 ml), colorant (5 ml), sodium silicate (5 ml), CDEA (5 ml), castor oil or moisturizer (5 ml), fruit or herbal extract (5 ml), anti-bacterial liquid (2 ml), preservatives (2 ml) and fragrance (5 ml). Measure before mixing because the mixture will solidify quickly.

Step 3. Mix the coconut oil and the lye solution in a plastic container and then add the colorant. Using a ladle, stir the mixture to spread the color evenly, and then add the following: sodium silicate, CDEA, castor oil or moisturizer, fruit or herbal extract, anti-bacterial agent,
preservatives, and fragrance. Keep on stirring the mixture until you achieve a consistency similar to condensed milk.

Step 4.
Now pour the mixture into a molder (you may buy one or improvise using kitchenware) and wait for it to solidify in about three or four hours, when it turns opaque.

Step 5. Cut the material into your preferred size using a guitar string or a kitchen knife.

Step 6. Now smooth the edges of the herbal soaps using a metal scraper (this costs about P10 in Divisoria) and then cure them for at least 24 hours to lessen their pH balance or make them milder.

*( note: be careful in using the lye solution as it can burn your skin )

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How to make luncheon meat

entrepreneur.com.ph

Workbook

Jun 26, 2009

Learn how to make luncheon meat

Luncheon meat is eaten by people from all social classes (although those in the upper income segments know it better as “cold cuts”). This being the case, your markups can be pretty flexible, depending on who you want to sell to.

Materials needed:

½ cup trimix

½ tsp. curing salt

1 tsp. accord

2 tbsp. anisado wine

(The above can be purchased
in small amounts from chemical
stores.)

Mixing bowl

Measuring cups and spoons

Aluminum foil

1 kilo ground pork or beef

2 tbsp. sugar

1 ½ tbsp. salt

½ cup skim milk

1 tbsp. ground pepper

1 tbsp. minced garlic

1 pack ice, P2.00

2 pcs. eggs

1 pc. beef cube

1 cup water

Getting started:

1. In a mixing bowl, combine the ground meat with the salt, curing salt, anisado wine (to act as tenderizer), accord (acts as a binder), ground pepper, and garlic.

2. Dissolve the beef cube in a bowl of water, then pour in the skim milk and the trimix (the latter acts as an extender). Combine
this entire mixture with the meat mixture.

3. Add egg and combine.

4. Put the ice into the mixture for one minute only. Make sure the ice is sealed inside a plastic bag so that the meat mixture will not take in water when the ice starts to melt.

5. Divide your luncheon meat mixture into desired sizes and individually wrap them in aluminum foil.

6. Steam for 45 minutes. Your luncheon meat will last one month when put inside the refrigerator.

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How to start a food cart business

Entrepreneur.com.ph (photo courtesy of http://www.sxc.hu)

Workbook

Aug 3, 2009

A food cart business can be a ticket to steady profits; doing your homework can help you avoid some pitfalls

Because of low capitalization and strong earning potential, food carts have become the preferred type of start-up business for Filipinos.

Richard Sanz, director of the Association of Filipino Franchisers Inc. (Affi), told Entrepreneur that there are two options in putting up a food cart business: one is create your own, and the other is to get a franchise.

“If you create your own, one good thing is you own it. But then you will have to do everything from the logo, systems, and suppliers. Unlike if you franchise, the advantage is you will not go through all that, and you also eliminated the trial and error phase,” he points out. However, the downside is the franchise fee is a bit high so you need bigger investment and you need to follow the rules and policies of the franchiser,” he explained.

But before plunging into this arena, Sanz enumerated 10 things to consider before starting a food cart business:

1. You should have a good concept. Sanz says the concept should always match the product you are selling. So, if the product is Italian, everything should be consistently Italian themed. If the product is Filipino, the concept should match.

2. Focus on the product first.
“Even if the concept is good, but the product is bad, people will just avail at the start to try it out but they will not be coming back,” Sanz said. Making sure that you have a consistently good product will ensure the long term viability of the business.

3. Get a good starting location. This is one of the single most important factors of a food cart business. Make sure that the site is very visible with very high foot traffic. “Do your research, try to gauge the amount of people passing through a particular location, and also make sure that these people suit your target market for your product,” Sanz advises.

4. Come up with a good stall design to attract customers. As a marketing tool, having a good storefront is critical for any startup. “Ask yourself, how will I differentiate myself from competitors? To do this, you will probably need to hire a good designer and architect or visit other countries to get a good idea. Trade books and magazines could also help you decide what design will work for your line of business,” Sanz said.

5. Have an efficient operating system. Sanz said it is very important to install a good operating system in your business, especially if you’re a startup with limited resources. “Here is where the stall operation will revolve. This is important because in cart business, there is limited space. You should be able to store your product and prepare them with that limited space,” he said.

6. Don’t bank on credit to bankroll your business. Obtaining the needed capital for your business is a necessary step, but Sanz counsels it would be wise to use your own money, so in case the business doesn’t do well, no creditor will go after you. “The rule is “you only invest what you are prepared to lose,” he said.

7. Be a stickler for service. A food business is very dependent on a good reputation for success, maintaining a good service level, efficient systems, and clean products and workstations will go a long way in helping your longevity and increase help you build credibility.

8. Pay your suppliers, employees, and lessor (rent) on time to ensure continuity of operations. There’s nothing more annoying than having to stop operations for lack of supplies, place of business, or both. To avoid this, Sanz says entrepreneurs should set up an active payment system that is both efficient and timely. “Suppliers are the lifeblood of your company, and if they stop because of non payment, you will lose a lot money. Also, make sure to pay the right wages and give mandatory benefits to your employees, because a happy worker is a productive worker,” he said.

9. Secure all necessary permits before starting operations. Before the first day of operations, make sure to register your business with DTI, IPO, BIR, and get the necessary business permits in the barangay and municipal/city hall (mayor’s permit). Doing so will save you the hassle of processing it while your business is already under way.

10. Choose the right franchise.
If you opt to get a franchise instead of starting your own business, make sure that the franchisor is a member of good standing with any (or both) of the two franchise associations in the Philippines, AFFI (Association of Filipino Franchisers, Inc) and PFA (Philippine Franchise Association). Do background checks, talk with franchisees, and consult a lawyer before signing the franchise agreement.

“People should be very careful before getting a franchise for food carts because there are already fly-by-night franchisers that are taking advantage of this to enrich themselves illegally. This is why the membership with the Affi and PFA is important because these two groups screen their members properly,” Sanz said.

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How to start a bakery business

Entrepreneur.com.ph

Turn their love for pandesal into a thriving business by starting your own bakery

With bread being the country’s second staple after rice, the bakery business is one of those ventures that is sure to bring multiple returns with just a minimal investment. By taking the time to learn the craft, you too can start your own bakery business and potentially make good money out of it.

In fact, Gardenia Bakeries Philippines, maker of the popular Gardenia brand of bread and pastries, has launched a new business program that enables startup entrepreneurs to have their own business.

A TICKET TO PROFITS

Take the case of former bus inspector Godofredo Molde, 45, who has pocketed P500,000 in just a year of selling pan de sal. Armed with P150,000 in startup funds and a lot of guts, he took the plunge of starting his own business – and came out on top. He has parlayed his bold investment to foot house repairs and acquire a delivery truck for his growing business.

“I used my P150,000 capital in acquiring the three small pan de sal stores of my friend’s brother, and that included some goodwill money for the recipe and training. I have added another store since,” he said.

The revolving daily capital for the four stores, he said, is only P7,000. Molde decided to concentrate on pan de sal because its market is more predictable and the stores only need to stay open from 5 am to 9 am.

One of his stores, sells P6,000 worth of pan de sal daily during weekends, and P4,000 during regular days on the average. According to him, pocketing a cool P2,000 profit is the norm for each of his bakeries.

A PROFITABLE BUSINESS

Ric Pinca, executive director of the Philippine Association of Flour Millers (Pafmil), agrees that indeed “baking is a rewarding and profitable business.”

“Bread is the country’s second staple and everyone eats bread. Though consumed mainly as breakfast and snack fare, bread is also taken at lunch, usually as burgers and even dinner time. Bread is a convenience type of food. You don’t have to sit and have a formal dinner just to eat bread. In fast food shops, you may get your bread right at the counter and you even dont have to call a waiter to serve you.”

Bread, he added, may be consumed while walking, riding a bus or even while whiling away time anywhere.

But while the bakery business is a profitable one, Pinca said it is also a demanding profession. Aside from investing money, he said a good amount of time, patience and study is required if one is to put up a successful bakery business.

SET UP YOUR OWN BAKERY

Pinca shared these tips on how you too can start a bakery business from scratch:

1. Study the business

Before you put up a bakery, you must first learn how to bake. Many people make the mistake of putting up a bakery without first knowing how bread is baked. It is not enough that you hired bakers to do the work, you must also know the baking process so that your bakers would not give you a run-around.

A month of training is enough especially if the training program you enroll in has plenty of hands-on activities, meaning you are asked to bake and not just sit and listen and watch the demonstrations. There are a lot of training centers and culinary schools offering baking courses.

But the best baking courses are offered by the flour mills themselves. And more often than not, these courses are offered free of charge to prospective bakers as part of the company’s marketing efforts. So get in touch with any of the local flour mills and ask for their training schedules.

2. Look for a good location

A food business like a bakery depends on high human traffic. Look for a location where people congregate like a market, near a school, a bus or jeepney terminal or even a tricycle terminal and put up your bakery there. The people that populate your area are your target customers.

3. Suit your products to your customers

If your bakery is in Tondo, then your products should suit the people of Tondo. Do not produce pastries like apple streudels or Italian Rye Breads or Belgian cookies because these products are not the type that people in Tondo consume. These products are for the shopping mall crowd. Try producing pan de sal, Monay, tasty breads, ensaymada etc. These are bakery goods that people in Tondo are familiar with and regularly consume. Also, these are products they can afford.

4. Start small

It is better to start small especially if you are new in the business. If the business grows, then it will be easy for you to expand, rather than start big and downsize later. Suit the type and size of equipment you will buy to the volume of products you want to produce. remember, you should not produce more than you can sell.

5. Buy the right sized equipment

Do not get a mixer with a one bag of flour capacity if your oven can only take in eight plantas or 160 pcs of pandesal at a time. One bag of flour normally produces 1,880 pieces of pan de sal weighing 25 grams each. Get technical help from equipment dealers. Do not just deal with one. Get the best offer and technical advise you can get.

6. Maintain product consistency

Make sure that your bread tastes the same today as it did yesterday and as it would tomorrow. Customers return to buy bread when they like its taste. Do not give them a different tasting bread when they return because they will either complain or not return anymore.

7. Be good to your employees

Take good care of your employees and give them the right salary. If your employee is happy, they will take care of your business and make sure that your customers are happy too. A happy customer will always return and buy more. And you are assured that your business will grow.

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more to come soon…

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